Vitamins and Supplements Reviews
Vitamin B9 - Folic Acid Article:
Vitamin B9, folic acid ( a. k. a. folate or folacin, ) is by oneself of the most chemically complicated vitamins, as it has a three - part structure that puts special demands on the body's metabolism. The three first off components are PABA, glutamic acid, and pteridine. In the early 1980s, researchers started to use folic acid supplementation to shorten the gamble of nervous system problems in newborn infants, as folic acid was shown to help insure the proper development of the neural drainpipe. The top part of this tube helps form the baby's brain, while the bottom part of the neural tube unfolds to become the baby's spiral column.
Folic acid is not only complicated in its structure, but also in its interaction with the human body. Most foods act not contain the exact form of folic acid the body uses. Instead, enzymes inside the intestine have to chemically alter the food forms of folic acid before undeniable can be absorbed. Smooth when the body is operating at crowded efficiency, only about half of ingested folic acid can be absorbed.
One of folic acid's key functions is to allow for the complete development of red blood cells, which help to carry oxygen throughout the body. Without adequate levels of folic acid, the red blood cells cannot form properly as they continue to grow without splitting, a condition known as macrocytic anemia. Folic acid also helps to maintain the healthy circulation of rose throughout the body by preventing the build - up of homocysteine, a chemical that at high levels has been associated with cardiovascular disease. High homocysteine levels can also lead to the deterioration of dopamine - producing brain cells and could contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease. Low levels of folic acid may also contribute to dementia and Alzheimer's sickness as a recent study showed the risk of mild cognitive impairment was tripled imprint subjects whose folic acid levels were low. This was as homocysteine levels were higher in those individuals that had lesser folic acid levels. Therefore, folic acid may be helpful in maintaining neurological health as well. Another deliberate showed that individuals with low levels of folic acid and high levels of homocysteine were almost twice as likely to suffer a division. Men were four times likelier to suffer a hip fracture, while women were twice as likely to suffer a hep fracture with low levels of folic acid and high levels of homocysteine.
Another of folic acid's key functions is to help produce cells that have very short life spans, such as skin cells, intestinal cells, and cells that line the body's exposed surfaces or cavities.
Folic acid is responsible for synthesizing neurotransmitters, which are the nervous system's message - carrying molecules.
It's already been mentioned that people who don't get enough folic acid in their diets can suffer from Parkinson's disease, dementia, Alzhimer's disease, and fractures. But people can also experience irritability, mental fatigue, forgetfulnes, confusion, depression, insomnia, general or able fatigue, intestinal tract symptoms like diarrhea, and mouth - related symptoms like gingivitis and periodontal disease.
High levels of folic acid can steward found in romaine lettuce, spinach, asparagus, turnip greens, mustard greens, calf's liver, parsley, collard greens, broccoli, cauliflower, beets, and lentils.
Folic acid contained in animal products, like calf's liver, is not reduced by cooking, but folic acid found in plant products, like cabbage, can lose up to 40 % of their folic acid from cooking. Processed grains and flours can lose up to 70 % of their folic acid level from cooking and not all processed grains and flours are enriched with folic acid to begin with.
Solo at correct high doses of 1, 000 - 2, 000 micrograms can folic acid trigger symptoms such as insomnia, malaise, irritability, and intestinal dysfunction.
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