Vitamins and Supplements Reviews
Vitamin B3 - Niacin Article:
Vitamin B3, or niacin, was discovered in the early 1900s by the U. S. Public Health Service. A chips sickness, pellagra, characterized by cracked, scaly, discolored skin, digestive problems, and overall bodily weakness was very prevalent in the southern U. S. The U. S. Public Health Service conscious established a connection between the prevalence of pellagra and cornmeal - based diets, which were missing protein. The addition of protein to these diets cured many cases of pellagra.
It was later found out that niacin was the actual absent ingredient from the cornmeal - based diets that was causing the pellagra. Ironically, corn considering a whole food actually contains significant amounts of niacin, but it cannot readily be absorbed from corn unless corn products like cornmeal are prepared in a way that releases this vitamin for absorption. For example, lime ( from limestone ) can help release niacin from corn and make it available for absorption.
Niacin is a term that refers to several offbeat chemical forms of the vitamin, including nicotinic acid and nicotinamide ( a. k. a. niacinamide. )
Niacin is important pressure energy production. Two proper forms of niacin, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( NAD ) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate ( NADP, ) are essential for the conversion of the body's fats, proteins, and carbohydrates pastime usable energy. Niacin restraint also synthesize starch that is stored in the body's muscles and liver for later use.
Niacin also plays a critical role in the chemcial processing of the body's fats. The fatty acid building blocks for fat - containing structures in the body ( like cell membranes ) and fat - based hormones ( like steroid hormones ) typically require niacin for their indivisibility. Ironically, even though niacin helps the liver produce cholesterol, studies have shown that niacin actually helps to lower total blood cholesterol in people with elevlated cholesterol levels.
Niacin also helps to build the components of the primary genetic material in our cells, deoxyribose nucleic acid ( DNA. ) Without niacin, genetic ( DNA ) damage results and cancer is more to be.
Niacin also is involved in insulin metabolism and blood butterfly regulation. Experts aren't exactly sure how material is involved, as there are far cry theories, including the idea of a " glucose tolerance factor " ( GTF ) molecule that includes niacin and must be present for optimal insulin activity.
Individuals who have low levels of niacin in their systems often experience general crush, potent weakness, and a lack of appetite. Skin infections and digestive problems have also been associated with people with low levels of niacin.
Niacin is minimally sensitive to damage by mindset, light, and heat as valid is only of the most stable water - soluble vitamins around.
Foods such as raw crimini mushrooms, baked or broiled yellowfin tuna, roasted chicken breasts, calf liver, broiled or baked halibut, boiled asparagus, and venison are all considered to be great dietary sources of niacin.
According to the Recommended Dietary Allowances for niacin, males and females who are 9 - 13 years old should receive 12 milligrams per day, while men older than 13 years of age should receive 16 milligrams a day and women older than 14 should receive 14 milligrams a generation. If a female is pregnant, she should receive 18 milligrams a day.
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